Novinpak system Life Cycle Assessment

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Type: 
ACV complète disponible sur le web
Comparative: 
oui
Année de publication: 
2014
Langue: 
Anglais
Code: 
Package/Container (not paper specific)
Produit: 
Wine bottle
Sources et qualité
Qualité de l'étude: 
ACV détaillée
Revue Critique?: 
Oui
Cohérence avec la série de normes ISO 14040/44?: 
Oui
Nom(s) du(des) commanditaire(s): 
Irstea - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture
Nom(s) du(des) commanditaire(s): 
ELSA - Environmental Life cycle and Sustainability Assessment
Nom(s) du(des) commanditaire(s): 
ITAP - Information,Technologies, Analyse environnementale, Procédés agricoles
Type du(des) commanditaire(s) : 
Université
Type du(des) commanditaire(s) : 
Public administration
Type du(des) commanditaire(s) : 
Union, Federation
Nom(s) de(s) auteur(s): 
Yves Gérand
Nom(s) de(s) auteur(s): 
Philippe Roux
Type de(des) auteur(s): 
Institut/Technical research center
Objectifs et frontières du système
Unité fonctionnelle: 
“To deliver 75cL of south of France cool (3°C) rosé wine to French and Japanese consumers, with a one year conservation duration without any significant change of taste.”
Objectifs, hypothèses et limites: 
The objectives of the study are: O1. To quantify the environmental contributions of the main life cycle stages of a 75 cl rosé wine bottle from vineyard to consumers. This life cycle includes vine growing, winemaking, packaging and distribution of two quality wine packaging options (the Novinpak® PET/RPET and glass bottles) O2. To assess the influence on potential environmental impacts of the final consumers’ location, be it on the transportation or on the end of life options. Two contrasted locations (internal market and long distance export) should be studied including different distances from production and different options for waste treatment. The two existing systems studied are: A 390g white glass bottle closed with an aluminium screw cap and filled with rosé wine (75cL) as commonly used by UCCOAR. A 42g PET/RPET mix bottle closed with a plastic screw cap and filled with rosé wine (75cL): the prototype developed and tested within the Novinpak project.

    Comparatively, the glass bottle system shows significantly higher potential impacts for 8 impact categories for which impact characterization methods quality is sufficient according to the JRC classification (level I or II), namely particulate matter, photochemical ozone formation, climate change, acidification and eutrophication (terrestrial, marine and freshwater). 

    Only one impact category significantly dominated by the PET/RPET system benefits from a sufficient characterization method quality level (according to the JRC classification): Ozone depletion. However, no conclusion can be drawn since these impact categories are lead by preoccupying LCI values in the PET and RPET resins datasets. 
    The two remaining impact categories dominated by the PET/RPET system are not of sufficient quality (level II/III or III according to the JRC classification) to be further exploited. 
    The freshwater ecotoxicity and mineral, fossil and renewable resource depletion impact categories are not of sufficient quality (level II/III or III according to the JRC classification) to be further exploited.

Impact(s) des matières premières: 
Acidification
Trou dans la couche d'ozone
Consommation d'eau
Génération de déchets
Changement climatique
Eutrophisation
Toxicité / Eco-toxicité
Niveau d'impact des matières premières: 
Moyen
Impact(s) de fabrication: 
Acidification
Trou dans la couche d'ozone
Consommation d'eau
Gnration de dchets
Changement climatique
Eutrophisation
Toxicit/Eco-toxicit
Niveau d'impact de la fabrication: 
Moyen
Impact(s) du transport: 
Acidification
Trou dans la couche d'ozone
Consommation d'eau
Gnration de dchets
Changement climatique
Eutrophisation
Toxicit/Eco-toxicit
Niveau d'impact de la distribution: 
Moyen
Impact(s) d'utilisation: 
Acidification
Trou dans la couche d'ozone
Consommation d'eau
Changement climatique
Eutrophisation
Toxicit/Eco-toxicit
Niveau d'impact à l'utilisation : 
Faible
Impact(s) de fin de vie: 
Acidification
Trou dans la couche d'ozone
Consommation d'eau
Réchauffement climatique
Eutrophisation
Toxicit/Eco-toxicit
Niveau d'impact en fin de vie : 
Faible

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