LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY OF PACKAGING OPTIONS FOR SHIPMENT OF RETAIL MAIL-ORDER SOFT GOODS

Mis en ligne par Fanny Crocquevieille
Type: 
ACV complète disponible sur le web
Comparative: 
non
Année de publication: 
2004
Langue: 
Anglais
Code: 
Package/Container (not paper specific)
Code: 
Services
Produit: 
colis
Sources et qualité
Qualité de l'étude: 
ACV détaillée
Revue Critique?: 
Oui
Cohérence avec la série de normes ISO 14040/44?: 
Oui
Nom(s) du(des) commanditaire(s): 
U.S. EPA ENVIRONMENTALLY PREFERABLE PURCHASING PROGRAM
Nom(s) du(des) commanditaire(s): 
OREGON DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (DEQ)
Type du(des) commanditaire(s) : 
Public administration
Nom(s) de(s) auteur(s): 
FRANKLIN ASSOCIATES, A DIVISION OF ERG PRAIRIE VILLAGE, KS
Type de(des) auteur(s): 
Consultant
Objectifs et frontières du système
Unité fonctionnelle: 
l'emballage requis pour livrer 10.000 colis représentatif des éléments de matériaux souples pour les clients
Objectifs, hypothèses et limites: 
Beginning with acquisition of initial raw materials from the earth, this study examines the sequence of processing steps for the production, use, and disposal of packaging used for retail mail-order soft goods in the U.S. Materials that comprise less than one percent by weight of the packaging products are considered negligible and are not included in this study. Transportation of finished packaging items from the manufacturer to the order fulfillment center or distribution center (Western Oregon) is included. Transportation of packaged products from the order fulfillment center to a representative customer located at the population center of the United States, in central Missouri, is included. Disposal of packaging, adjusted to account for diversion for reuse and recycling, is included. The results shown for each packaging system include the burdens for extraction, processing, delivery, and combustion of all process and transportation fuels used.

The main conclusion that can be drawn from this analysis regarding packaging options for shipping mail-order soft goods to residential customers is that the weight of the packaging is the most critical factor influencing the environmental burdens. Burdens for material production, transportation, and disposal all relate directly to the weight of material that is required. In this analysis, heavy packaging components with a relatively low environmental profile per pound have higher overall environmental burdens than packaging options that are made of materials with higher per-pound burdens but that have lower weights used in packaging.

Impact(s) de fabrication: 
Changement climatique
Niveau d'impact de la fabrication: 
Haute
Impact(s) du transport: 
Changement climatique
Niveau d'impact de la distribution: 
Haute
Impact(s) de fin de vie: 
Gnration de dchets
Niveau d'impact en fin de vie : 
Haute

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